The glycemic index is measured on a scale of 1-100. Foods with a low GI (GI=0-55) are complex carbs--low in sugar and high in fiber. They are also known as “slow release” foods since your body breaks down complex carbs more slowly, providing a slow, steady release of energy.This results in a feeling of fullness which controls blood sugar fluctuations, food cravings and the mid-day energy crash and burn.
The chart on the right shows the effects high blood sugar has on your body. Foods with high GI like potatoes, most breads, candy and white rice cause blood sugar levels to rise sharply.
This causes the body to produce more insulin and that in turn causes the body to store fat.
Too much insulin then brings your blood sugar down too low resulting in a sudden crash! A rollercoaster pattern emerges because you feel just as hungry and tired as you were before you ate.
Following a low GI diet promotes normal blood sugar levels and helps your body stay in the fat burning zone. This will keep you feeling more energized and alert.
Below are some common basic selections I like to use. It’s also a great starting point for vegetarians and non-vegetarians alike.
Low GI Carbs
Dairy and Substitutes
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